Territory in Ethiopia is often claimed as rightfully owned or inhabited by more than one ethnic group. Given Ethiopia’s ethno-federalist system of governance, border contests over disputed territory typically involve both formal and non-formal violent actors. Conflict between different ethnicities is often fought over resource-rich land, and active conflict areas include Metekel zone, Southern Tigray zone, Western Tigray zone, the Afar/Somali regional borders, the Oromia/Somali regional border area, and areas along the Oromia/Amhara regional borders, among others. This section includes reports related to these conflicts.